Identify and prevent rosacea
How to get rosacea under control? For many who suffer from the painful and swelling redness, this is a dream. The skin disease usually affects her in fits and starts. It goes through several stages. And therein lies your chance to alleviate rosacea. You can find out here how to recognize new flare-ups and what you can do about them.
What is rosacea?
Red skin, nodules, heat build-up or stabbing pain are among the symptoms of rosacea (sometimes also spelled rosacea). It is an inflammatory skin disease that affects the connective tissue. It is usually limited to the face. The so-called efflorescences rarely appear on the neck and décolleté.
How is rosacea different from couperose?
The two terms are often used interchangeably, but couperose describes the first degree of severity of rosacea . In this stage, the redness occurs in bursts and usually disappears, whereas in rosacea it persists permanently.
Rosacea mainly affects fair skin types
It most commonly occurs in skin type 1, i.e. very light skin and blonde or red hair. That's why it was formerly known as the "Curse of the Celts". And she strikes in a similar way. This dermatosis hits many men and women unexpectedly in their 30s . This makes it difficult to take countermeasures in time, especially when rosacea first breaks out. The disease progresses in several phases that you can recognize early on. Of course, you need to know what you should pay attention to.
Rosacea progresses in fits and starts
First of all, this is good news. If you discover the red skin blossoms on yourself, that doesn't mean that they will now accompany you permanently. It will be better! What's tricky, however, is that this dermatosis is similar to other skin problems. It is often treated too late or completely incorrectly. You'll soon see why...
The preliminary stage of rosacea
Your skin suddenly turns red for no particular reason? In the initial phase, this redness occurs mainly on the cheeks, nose, chin and in the middle of the forehead. Spicy food, hot drinks, alcohol or stress are often triggers.
Rosacea grade 1 (couperose)
While the skin redness disappears quite quickly in the preliminary stage, it lasts longer and longer. This looks a bit like sunburn, which this skin type is prone to. It's just that vasodilatations are added. Small veins become visible under the skin. The reason: The inflammation takes place in the connective tissue and as a result it loses strength. Occasionally there is itching, tension, burning or stinging in the affected area. Rosacea is accompanied by dryness . ☝️ This stage is also described as couperose .
Rosacea severity level 2
The inflammation now clearly comes to the fore. Blisters and nodules form on the skin. Lymphedema is also not uncommon. They appear as swellings on the face, because there is a lot of lymph flowing there. ☝️ This stage is often confused with acne and treated incorrectly. Acne causes keratinization, which causes comedones and inflammatory pimples that are primarily locally red. In rosacea, on the other hand, the inflammation lies in the connective tissue, i.e. deeper in the skin. This leads to a rather flat redness with fine veins.
Rosacea severity level 3
The more the inflammation spreads, the more noticeable the swelling becomes. The connective tissue and the sebaceous glands enlarge. Bulbous growths sometimes appear on the nose. Men are particularly often affected by this. And don't panic, very few people get it that bad.
Triggers for rosacea flare-ups
Some people are probably more prone to developing rosacea, but the actual cause of rosacea is still not clearly understood. However, that doesn't mean that you don't know anything about the triggers for flare-ups. There are some known factors that promote rosacea outbreaks . Often several of them play together.
These include the usual suspects in skin diseases: UV radiation, stress , diet, body toxins such as alcohol, environmental factors such as pollen counts or exhaust fumes, but also cosmetics and medication. An important step in getting the disease under control in the long term is understanding your specific flare-up triggers. Knowledge is power , that is the philosophy of FIVE. And a diary helps with that.
🖋 Recognize and avoid triggers - your rosacea diary : Whether on paper or in an app, write down how you feel, emotionally and in terms of your skin. Note special features, such as a beach vacation where you spent a lot of time in the sun or the boozy party last night. It can also make sense to document the pollen count.
Please go to the dermatologist
This will prevent the disease from progressing further. I really don't recommend this for every skin problem, but rosacea should definitely be diagnosed correctly. In addition, the skin is often contaminated by mites or anaerobic germs , which you can only get rid of with appropriate therapy.
Get a second or third opinion
We often receive emails from desperate people who are not happy with the therapy prescribed by the dermatologist. Many report that their rosacea became worse after stopping the medication. We often find out that it is not entirely clear whether it is rosacea. Dermatologists also sometimes find it difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often similar to acne. Therefore: If you are not 100% convinced , get a second opinion.
Be active and inform yourself
No therapy works really well if you don't help . This is particularly important for skin diseases. Deal with your illness yourself – keyword diary. And make sure to avoid things that you suspect are triggers. An anti-inflammatory diet is a help, but also an active stress reduction.
Skin care for rosacea
For this dermatosis, the best skin care cannot replace medical treatment . But it can very well support and prevent. Finding the right care for rosacea is not easy because every skin reacts slightly differently. Only you can find out how you react to certain ingredients. Complaints such as burning or itching are an indication that you should avoid the product.
What to look out for with rosacea
- If you have inflammation , you should avoid anything that irritates . This includes facial toner with alcohol, aggressive cleaning agents, but also numerous additives that have to be added to water-containing products.💧 Better: If cleaning then be super gentle , for example with coconut or sugar surfactants, as they are usually found in natural cosmetics. Then just dab the skin gently, do not rub it with a towel.
- Even if the skin feels dry, rich creams, especially classic products with mineral oils , are not for you. They have an occlusive effect, meaning they remain on the skin. This causes even more heat to build up in your inflamed skin and make the problem worse. 🌱 Products with plant oils , on the other hand, are absorbed into the skin instead of covering it like a plastic film.
Less is more . When it comes to rosacea, you need to use products and even water sparingly. This should be at most lukewarm, never hot. Your skin may even react to pure water. Then distilled can be the solution to wash your face.
- Avoid anything that increases blood flow to the face. So stay away from peelings, whether mechanical or with fruit acids. There are also ingredients that stimulate blood circulation. Now also avoid menthol, rosemary, fragrances and caffeine.
- Go naked: If at all possible, avoid makeup . Conventional foundations usually contain mineral oils and silicones, which again have an occlusive effect. Of course, it's understandable if you want to cover up the redness. If you really can't do without it, opt for mineral make-up .
- Avoid very complex products , i.e. those with many ingredients. There are often a good 30 pieces for conventional cosmetics. There is always something that irritates your skin or dries it out even more. Emulsifiers for example. Since these are mostly found in creams, you should consider turning your back on the “cream” concept entirely. 💡 Alternatives to creams are emulsifier-free moisturizing serums such as the FIVE facial serum and a vegetable oil .
- Always wear sunscreen . Choose the SPF high enough for your fair skin type. Sunscreen with mineral UV filters is better than chemical filters. The latter convert the light into heat and your inflamed skin has more than enough of that.
Are FIVE products suitable for rosacea?
This question often comes to us. Unfortunately, there is no general answer to this. Everyone's skin behaves a little differently and has different triggers. What tends to be good about the FIVE products for rosacea is that they are so minimalistic. They do not contain alcohol, mineral oils, emulsifiers, parabens, etc. because they are designed for sensitive skin , but not specifically for rosacea.
What is usually very well tolerated is theFIVE facial serum . It provides plenty of moisture with vegan hyaluronic acid and glycerin, which your damaged skin quickly loses. And the rose hydrosol calms you down. Some customers tolerate the FIVE facial oils very well, others less so because they contain essential oils.
Start with theFIVE facial serum . If that suits you perfectly, you could also try one of the FIVE facial oils and dose them very sparingly. Or you can combine the facial serum with an unscented vegetable oil that strengthens the skin barrier. I can recommend the ceramide oil from Pai Skincare . You can use this as skin care and to remove make-up. Simply massage some of it into your dry face and gently remove it with a lukewarm cotton cloth - remember: no rubbing. With these two products in combination with a sunscreen , for example from Pai , you give your skin everything it needs in terms of care.
Conclusion: Rosacea needs to be treated
This point is very important. Good, low-irritation care helps, but alone cannot work miracles. So find the dermatology practice you trust and work actively, for example by keeping a diary. This is how you get to know your triggers and how to avoid them. Also try changing your diet to be anti-inflammatory , because a lot of what we eat promotes inflammation. And reduce your stress. This gives you a good chance of getting your skin conditions under control.