Peelings are like weekly cleaning for the skin. The bare essentials are cleaned every day, but by the weekend everything should be sparkling again. But which peeling is right for your skin? And how do peelings best develop their effect? You can find the answers here.
Everything goes smoothly with the right peeling
The different types of peels
Tastes often differ, but soft, smooth skin is actually on every one of us's wish lists. So it's no surprise that peels are booming. And they are now available in a wide variety of forms, from mechanical to enzyme peels to chemical peels.
How do the individual types of peeling work, who are they suitable for and where should a professional do it? Let’s take a closer look at mechanical, chemical and enzyme peels.
Mechanical peelings – ideal for the body
The word body scrub says it all: This type of peeling scrubs away dead skin with small abrasive particles . They consist of sugar, ground coffee beans, fruit seeds or – be careful! – Plastic . By the way, you can recognize the latter by information such as “PEG” in the ingredients and is bad in the sense that you are dumping plastic directly into our waters. (You can also recognize plastic in cosmetics by the terms on this Greenpeace list .) So it's better to go for the natural versions .
They are completely safe to use on healthy skin on the body and offer many advantages : They make the skin smooth and soft and promote blood circulation. When used regularly once or twice a week, they also ensure that fewer hairs grow in after shaving.
Mechanical peelings can be quite harsh on the face . However, I still think it's good as long as a few things are taken into account. Daily washing peels in particular, such as those sometimes offered for impure skin, dry out the skin far too much. Pimples in particular don't heal any faster when you're constantly peeling, but the bacteria are just distributed better.
Stop & Go for mechanical peelings
- Not better for stressed skin and inflammatory skin diseases such as perioral dermatitis , acne or rosacea
- Ideal for the body and for healthy, insensitive skin for gentle facial peelings
Would you like to try a DIY peeling recipe ? In the article How to make your own peeling we share our tried and tested recipes with you.
Enzyme peelings – the gentle way
Enzyme peels are limited in their effect to the surface of the skin, which they clean and disinfect . There, dead skin cells are connected to the fresh ones underneath. You can imagine it like a cake where the crust has become a little hard and dark, but it's all in one piece with the fluffy dough underneath. Enzyme-cleaving proteins gently dissolve the cell groups so that you can simply rinse away the old skin cells with water. This is completely natural, as it often contains proteins from papaya or pineapple.
Enzyme peels are used like a mask: apply once or twice a week , leave to work and rinse off. Regularity is important. This not only creates a fresher complexion , but can even reduce pigment spots and impurities including pimple marks.
Due to the higher price compared to mechanical peelings, they are usually only used on the face. There are hardly any restrictions here , as these mild peelings are actually suitable for every skin type.
Stop & Go for enzyme peelings
- Under no circumstances in the case of perioral dermatitis, there is a general stop to cosmetics
- Suitable for all skin types
Chemical peels with fruit acids or salicylic acid
The word “chemical” may scare you, but the term only serves to clarify the difference from mechanical peels. With a chemical peel, you don't have to rub to exfoliate the skin; this effect is caused by the ingredients themselves.
Chemical peels work using AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) or BHA (beta hydroxy acid). PHA (poly-hydroxy acid), the mildest of the three variants, has also been used for some time. A combination of different acids can be useful as each has its own specific effect.
- AHA: glycolic acid, malic acid, citric acid and lactic acid
- BHA: salicylic acid
- PHA: gluconolactonic acid and lactobionic acid
Chemical peels are also popular in cosmetic dermatology and are used for acne scars or pigment accumulation. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is often used for a stronger effect, but this can only be used by trained specialists and results in downtime.
But there are many home use chemical peels on the market now. It is important to find out more about the product beforehand - for example from the manufacturer's website - as both the irritation potential and the exfoliating strength can vary depending on the amount of acid and the pH value of the product. The skin gets used to acids over time; If you want to integrate them into your beauty routine, you should specifically look for an entry-level product.
Good to know: Many serums and cleansing products that are intended to prevent skin aging or impurities contain a low dose of AHA, BHA or PHA complex . Here the concentration is usually low, and you don't have to worry if you find one of the acids somewhere on the packaging. However, it doesn't hurt to pay particular attention to irritations when using it and to inform yourself in advance!
Stop & go for chemical peels
Not ideal because it is too aggressive and an absolute no-go for sensitive, stressed skin
Ideal for calluses that cannot be removed with an enzyme peeling or mechanical peeling
Recommended at best as a therapy against scars or pigment spots
🍋 My tip: To optimally care for the skin, I recommend a gentle one and regular exfoliation . Enzyme peelings , which are suitable for all skin types and have a gentle effect, are particularly suitable for the face. If necessary, you can also try other types of peels and seek expert advice in advance to achieve the best possible result.
Expand your skin care expertise now!
Receive useful skin care tips twice a month for better skin balance and relaxed skin.
Also benefit from exclusive discounts that we have in store for our readers.
By registering for the newsletter you accept our data protection declaration . You can unsubscribe from the newsletter at any time and free of charge via a link in the email
Time for a peeling FAQ on how and when
How often are peels useful?
Opinions differ when it comes to peelings. Some people do it consistently every week, others are more occasional offenders. The “Oh, I can do it again” faction tends to scrub as needed . Could your skin look rosier or peel after your summer vacation? Then get rid of the old skin cells. Peeling is also helpful for healing pimples to clear scabbed areas. And honestly, if you're otherwise happy with your skin, why change it?
But regularity also has something to offer. In this way you support regeneration on a continuous basis. Not only can you enjoy the fresh feeling more often after exfoliation, but you can even better prevent impurities and discoloration . To do this, treat yourself to a scrub once or twice a week at most. Please not every day, it can irritate the skin and is not necessary.
Do you prefer to use facial peeling in the morning or evening?
In the evening . You a) usually have more time and b) the skin can regenerate optimally overnight. Even if you use a mild enzyme peeling, you expose a completely fresh, young layer of cells that is a little more sensitive. Since the skin is no longer exposed to much stress at night, it recovers and regenerates itself quite well.
What place does peeling have in the care routine?
It comes after cleaning , i.e. removing make-up. I'm a fan of minimalist cleansing because it's particularly gentle and, with the use of make-up removal oil, it's also super effective. So after you've removed all makeup residue with a cosmetic pad or washcloth, it's time to exfoliate . For extra care, you can then pamper your face with a light moisturizing serum .
Does a peeling have to work?
That depends on the type of peeling. Mechanical peelings, no . They work with abrasives and clear the pores through careful massaging. Chemical and enzyme peels require a certain amount of time to work . How long this is depends on the product. So be sure to follow the instructions here!